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Council adopts law for climate-neutral European Union by 2050

The Council of European Union. Photo: @EUCouncil/Twitter

Brussels, June 28 (MNN) The EU Council on Monday adopted the European climate law, setting into legislation the objective of a climate-neutral European Union by 2050.

This follows a political agreement reached with the European Parliament on April 21 and the Parliament’s adoption of its position at the first reading on June 24.

The European climate law establishes a European Scientific Advisory Board on Climate Change to provide independent scientific advice and produce reports on EU measures, climate targets and indicative greenhouse gas budgets and their coherence with the European climate law and the EU’s international commitments under the Paris Agreement.

The Commission will engage with sectors of the economy that choose to prepare indicative voluntary road maps towards achieving the Union’s climate neutrality objective by 2050.

As well as monitoring the development of such road maps, the Commission will facilitate dialogue at EU-level and sharing of best practices among relevant stakeholders.

“I warmly welcome this final step of the adoption of the EU’s very first climate law which enshrines into legislation the 2050 climate neutrality objective. An agreement on the European climate law has been a priority for the Portuguese Presidency and I am glad that we have successfully brought it over the finishing line,” João Pedro Matos Fernandes, Minister of Environment and Climate Action, said.

In addition to the goal of climate neutrality and an aspirational goal for the Union to strive to achieve negative emissions after 2050, the European climate law sets a binding Union climate target of a reduction of net greenhouse gas emissions (emissions after deduction of removals) by at least 55 per cent by 2030 compared to 1990.

In order to ensure that sufficient efforts to reduce and prevent emissions are deployed until 2030, the climate law introduces a limit of 225 MT of CO2 equivalent to the contribution of removals to that target. The Union will also aim to achieve a higher volume of carbon net sink by 2030.

The Commission will also propose an intermediate climate target for 2040, if appropriate, at the latest within six months after the first global stocktake carried out under the Paris Agreement.

At the same time, it will publish a projected indicative Union’s greenhouse gas budget for the period 2030-2050, together with its underlying methodology.

The budget is defined as the indicative total volume of net greenhouse gas emissions (expressed as CO2 equivalent and providing separate information on emissions and removals) that are expected to be emitted in that period without putting at risk the Union’s commitments under the Paris Agreement.

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